With the advanced development of science and technology, the use of textiles, besides daily common clothing products, has been extensively studied for higher value added solutions for work, health, sports and personal protection. Due to an ageing society in many developed countries, an ever-growing enthusiast for sports around the world, and increasing safety awareness for the dangerous working environment, there are huge potentials to develop textile-based smart and functional products for such emerging market demands. Several representative applications of different technologies in this field are introduced below.