The fashion industry has always been recognized as the top resource consumption and pollution industry. Due to the depletion of natural resources as well as stringent legislation on environment protection, intensive research has been carried out for new technologies and process for clean production.

Some improvements have been made in various sectors of the industry to reduce the consumption of water, energy and chemicals. Some examples are a better system for raw material usage, production process upgrade, energy emission enhancement, wastewater treatment for recycling, novel dyeing, printing and finishing technologies and hazardous chemicals elimination. Moreover, innovation has also been created to replace the traditional processes or technologies such as waterless dyeing, digital printing, seamless manufacturing and 3D composite production.