There is an intensively increasing research trend in the multi-functional possibility for processing fibers and textiles in various and diversified ways. In the fiber level, using different additives and finishes in fiber and filament production can have different properties irrespective of base fiber used. A combination of different polymers can also lead to multicomponent fibers or filaments. In terms of yarns or fabrics fabricated by fibers and filaments, different functionalities can be achieved through material surface treatment or additional material layers1.
Multi-functional textiles are in great demand in some high value added sectors, for example, protective apparels, sportswear, health care products and industrial technical uses. By using layers lamination technology and membranes, fabrics can be secured with waterproof, wind-off or sunblock properties.